Action Domain Responder

It is recommend to read Action Domain Responder in short ADR.

Aura framework v2 promote the usage of one action per class.

In ADR there are 3 components.

  1. Action is the logic that connects the Domain and Responder. It uses the request input to interact with the Domain, and passes the Domain output to the Responder.

  2. Domain is the logic to manipulate the domain, session, application, and environment data, modifying state and persistence as needed.

  3. Responder is the logic to build an HTTP response or response description. It deals with body content, templates and views, headers and cookies, status codes, and so on.


  1. The web handler receives a client request and dispatches it to an Action.

  2. The Action interacts with the Domain.

  3. The Action feeds data to the Responder. (N.b.: This may include results from the Domain interaction, data from the client request, and so on.)

  4. The Responder builds a response using the data fed to it by the Action.

  5. The web handler sends the response back to the client.

Responder Bundle

We have FOA.Responder_Bundle which helps to render different template engines like Aura.View, Twig, Mustache etc. See full list.


composer require foa/responder-bundle

Note : Current version 0.4

Let us modify our previous example of BlogRead action class to render the contents via BlogRead responder.

Save at {$PROJECT_PATH}/src/App/Responder/BlogRead.php

 * {$PROJECT_PATH}/src/App/Responders/BlogRead.php
namespace App\Responders;

use Aura\View\View;
use Aura\Web\Response;
use FOA\Responder_Bundle\AbstractResponder;

class BlogRead extends AbstractResponder
    protected $available = array(
        'text/html' => '',
        'application/json' => '.json',

    protected function init()
        $this->payload_method['FOA\DomainPayload\Found'] = 'display';

    protected function display()
        $this->renderView('read', 'layout');

Now modify the actions class {$PROJECT_PATH}/src/App/Actions/BlogRead.php to inject the BlogRead responder. You also need to inject a Domain service which can fetch the details of the id. We are skipping the service and assume you have some way to get the data.

Remove the View and Response objects from the action class because the responder is responsible for rendering the view and set the response.

Now your modified action class will look like

 * {$PROJECT_PATH}/src/App/Actions/BlogRead.php
namespace App\Actions;

use Aura\Web\Request;
use App\Responders\BlogRead as BlogReadResponder;
use FOA\DomainPayload\PayloadFactory;

class BlogRead
    protected $request;

    protected $responder;

    public function __construct(
        Request $request,
        BlogReadResponder $responder
    ) {
        // you may want to inject some service in-order to fetch the details
        $this->request = $request;
        $this->responder = $responder;

    public function __invoke($id)
        $blog = (object) array(
            'id' => $id, 'title' => 'Some awesome title', 'author' => 'Hari KT'
        // In real life you want to do something like
        // $blog = $this->service->fetchId($id);

        $payload_factory = new PayloadFactory();
        $payload = $payload_factory->found($blog);
        return $this->responder;

Modify our Closure as a view file and save in {$PROJECT_PATH}/src/App/Responders/views/read.php.

<?php echo "Reading '{$this->blog->title}' with post id: {$this->blog->id} !"; ?>

Time to edit your configuration file {$PROJECT_PATH}/config/Common.php .

Modify the class params for App\Actions\BlogRead to reflect the changes made to the constructor.

$di->params['App\Actions\BlogRead'] = array(
    'request' => $di->lazyGet('aura/web-kernel:request'),
    'responder' => $di->lazyNew('App\Responders\BlogRead'),

$di->params['FOA\Responder_Bundle\Renderer\AuraView']['engine'] = $di->lazyNew('Aura\View\View');
// responder
$di->params['FOA\Responder_Bundle\AbstractResponder']['response'] = $di->lazyGet('aura/web-kernel:response');
$di->params['FOA\Responder_Bundle\AbstractResponder']['renderer'] = $di->lazyNew('FOA\Responder_Bundle\Renderer\AuraView');
$di->params['FOA\Responder_Bundle\AbstractResponder']['accept'] = $di->lazyNew('Aura\Accept\Accept');

Browse the http://localhost:8000/blog/read/1 .


What have we achieved other than creating lots of classes ?

That is really a good question. We are moving the responsibility to its own layers which will help us in testing the application. Web applications get evolved even we start small, so testing each and every part is always a great way to move forward.

This help us in to test the action classes, services etc.