Aura web framework doesn't come packaged with any templating. The reason is love for templating differs from person to person.

With the help of foa/responder-bundle, we can integrate

The advantage of using foa/responder-bundle is you have a common method render, which helps you to switch between template engine with less overhead.

It also helps integrating the Action Domain Responder which we will cover on a different chapter.


composer require foa/responder-bundle

Choose your templating engine and install the same. In this example we are going to make use of foa/html-view-bundle which integrates aura/view and aura/html.

composer require foa/html-view-bundle


Add the below lines in {PROJECT_PATH}/config/Common.php in the define method.

$di->params['Aura\View\TemplateRegistry']['paths'] = array(dirname(__DIR__) '/templates');
$di->params['FOA\Responder_Bundle\Renderer\AuraView']['engine'] = $di->lazyNew('Aura\View\View');
$di->set('renderer', $di->lazyNew('FOA\Responder_Bundle\Renderer\AuraView'));

Setting the paths to Aura\View\TemplateRegistry will only work for version >= 2.1

Integration with actions

Let us integrate the above renderer to the full stack framework example shown in previous chapter.

Edit the {$PROJECT_PATH}/src/App/Actions/BlogRead.php to inject an instance of FOA\Responder_Bundle\Renderer\RendererInterface.

 * {$PROJECT_PATH}/src/App/Actions/BlogRead.php
namespace App\Actions;

use Aura\Web\Request;
use Aura\Web\Response;
use FOA\Responder_Bundle\Renderer\RendererInterface;

class BlogRead
    // ...

    public function __construct(
        Request $request,
        Response $response,
        RendererInterface $renderer
    ) {
        $this->request = $request;
        $this->response = $response;
        $this->renderer = $renderer;

    public function __invoke($id)
        // set the content rendered from the renderer
        $this->response->content->set($this->renderer->render(array('id' => $id), 'read'));

Modify the config/Common.php for the DI container to pass an instance that satisfies FOA\Responder_Bundle\Renderer\RendererInterface to App\Actions\BlogRead.

namespace Aura\Web_Project\_Config;

use Aura\Di\Config;
use Aura\Di\Container;

class Common extends Config
    public function define(Container $di)
        // ...

        $di->params['App\Actions\BlogRead'] = array(
            'request' => $di->lazyGet('aura/web-kernel:request'),
            'response' => $di->lazyGet('aura/web-kernel:response'),
            'renderer' => $di->lazyGet('renderer'),

    // ...

Create the file templates/read.php with contents

echo "Reading blog post {$this->id}!";

Please refer respective library documentation on usage inside template file.